Measures[ edit ] At the end of the nineteenth century, kosher butchering and vivisection animal experimentation were the main concerns of the German animal welfare movement. The Nazis adopted these concerns as part of their political platform. Byafter Hitler had ascended to the Chancellery and the Nazis had consolidated control of the Reichstag, the Nazis immediately held a meeting to enact the ban on vivisection. On April 21,almost immediately after the Nazis came to power, the parliament began to pass laws for the regulation of animal slaughter.
This article is over 8 years old Marmoset monkeys used in animal research are given marshmallows at a testing centre.
Graeme Robertson Like many people, you're possibly afraid to share your views on animal experiments, because you don't want anyone digging up your grandmother's grave, or setting fire to your house, or stuff like that.
Animal experiments are necessary, they need to be properly regulated, and we have some of the tightest regulation in the world. But it's easy to assess whether animals are treated well, or to assess whether an experiment was necessary. In the nerd corner there is another issue: If it's not, then animals have suffered — whatever you believe that might mean for an animal — partly in vain.
It has published, in the academic journal PLoS One, a systematic survey of the quality of reporting, experimental design and statistical analysis of recently published biomedical research using laboratory animals. It's so not good. But the study is pretty solid.
The papers they found covered a huge range of publicly funded research, behavioural and diet studies, drug and chemical testing, immunological experiments, and more. Some of the flaws they found were bizarre. Four per cent of papers didn't mention how many animals were used in the experiment, anywhere.
The researchers looked in detail at 48 studies that did say how many they used: Thirty-five per cent of the papers gave one figure for the number of animals used in the methods, and then a different number of animals appeared in the results. They looked at how many studies used basic strategies to reduce bias in their results, like randomisation and blinding.
|Spontaneous generation versus biotic generation of life||Most people agree that animals have at least some moral status — that is why it is wrong to abuse pets or needlessly hurt other animals.|
|Animal research study shows many tests are full of flaws | Science | The Guardian||An article published in the esteemed Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine has even evaluated this very claim and concluded that it was not supported by any evidence.|
|science dictionary||Discuss April Main article: Moral status of animals in the ancient world Aristotle argued that animals lacked reason logosand placed humans at the top of the natural world.|
If you're comparing one intervention against another, for example, and you don't randomly assign animals to each group, then it's possible you might unconsciously put the stronger animals in the group getting a potentially beneficial experimental intervention, or vice versa, thus distorting your results.
If you don't "blind", then you know, as the experimenter, which animals had which intervention. So you might allow that knowledge, even unconsciously, to affect close calls on measurements you take.
Or maybe you'll accept a high blood pressure reading when you expected it to be high, knowing what you do about your own experiment, but then double check a high blood pressure measurement in an animal where you expected it to be low.
And the reporting was often poor. About half the studies left the numbers of animals in each group out of their tables. I grew up friends with the daughters of Colin Blakemore, a neuroscientist in Oxford who spoke out to defend animal research at great personal risk.
My first kiss — not one of these sisters, I should say — was outside a teenage party in a church hall, in front of two special branch officers sitting in a car with their lights off. People who threaten the lives of year-old girls, to shut their father up, are beneath contempt.
People who fail to damn these threats are similarly contemptible. That's why it sticks in the throat to say that the reporting and conduct of animal research is often poor; but we have to be more grown up.Microbiology, study of microorganisms, or microbes, a diverse group of generally minute, simple life-forms that include bacteria, archaea, algae, fungi, protozoa, and monstermanfilm.com field is concerned with the structure, function, and classification of such organisms and with ways of both exploiting and controlling their activities..
The 17th-century discovery of living forms existing invisible. Bad Science. What have these painful experiments accomplished? After decades of testing on generations of debilitated and suffering dogs, there is still no cure or treatment to reverse the course of this terrible disease in humans.
Animal Testing Is Bad Science: Point/Counterpoint Studies published in prestigious medical journals have shown time and again that animal experimentation wastes lives—both animal and human—and precious resources by trying to infect animals with diseases that they would never normally contract.
Since its original publication in , this groundbreaking work has awakened millions of people to the existence of "speciesism"—our systematic disregard of nonhuman animals—inspiring a worldwide movement to transform our attitudes to animals and eliminate the cruelty we inflict on them.
“Science has a responsibility to use animals to keep looking for cures for all the horrible diseases that people suffer from.” Every year in the U.S., animal experimentation gobbles up billions of dollars (including 40 percent of all research funding from the National Institutes of Health), and nearly $3 trillion is spent on health care.
Animals Used for Experimentation. Right now, millions of mice, rats, rabbits, primates, cats, dogs, and other animals are locked inside barren cages in laboratories across the country.
They languish in pain, ache with loneliness, and long to be free.