If a witch is male, then his child must be male in order to inherit witchcraft; likewise, if a witch is female, then her child must be female for witchcraft to be passed on to her child. Witchcraft can also use nature to cause injury or even death if the witch allows it. It can manipulate an animal such as a buffalo to kill someone or cause a structure such as a storage house to collapse on top of someone. It does not cause people to make mistakes in activities such as farming, hunting, or making crafts.
Little is known of their history prior to this period. Reliable first-hand accounts of the Azande only began to appear toward the middle of the nineteenth century.
By the s, however, the Azande had become well known to anthropologists through the work of British anthropologist Sir Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard — It is widely accepted that the ancestors of Azande society migrated from the west into the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the southern Sudan beginning in the s.
Because of their relative isolation from Westerners, the Azande practiced many traditional beliefs and customs well into the twentieth century. Azande now live across the borders of three modern nation-states.
The AZandMe Prescription Savings program is designed to help qualifying patients, including those who receive their medications through participating healthcare facilities. This site will guide you through the AZ&Me application process to see if you are eligible for the program. Find out if you qualify to receive AstraZeneca medicines at no cost. The Azande society is divided into the royal clans – the Avungara, centred on their great leader Gbudwe, his two sons Yambio and Tambura; and the commoners, most of who could have been incorporated into the Azande through wars, conquest and assimilation. 1 Azande Witchcraft, Epistemological Relativism and the Problem of the Criterion Howard Sankey I. In his classic work, Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic among the Azande, the anthropologist E.E. Evans-Pritchard describes the beliefs and practices of the African tribe, the Azande.
In recent decades they have been more exposed to the effects of market economies, missionary education, and related cultural influences. In the s, it was estimated that some one million people considered themselves ethnically Azande. Azande territory covers a vast expanse of land from the fringes of the upper Nile basin in the southern Sudan to the borders of semitropical rain forests in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Throughout this region of Africa, there is a season of occasional rain roughly from April to Octoberfollowed by a dry season from November to March when rain seldom falls.
Approximately five dialects of Azande are spoken throughout the area they occupy. Some groups speak languages unrelated to Azande. Most Azande also speak rural dialects of Arabic, French, or English.
The Azande language is tonal, so that identical words have different meanings according to the tone of pronunciation. Evans-Pritchard collected hundreds of Azande folktales and legends and published as many as he could in the Azande language with English translations.
The most famous Azande tales center on the imagined activities of the trickster Ture. The character of a trickster is common to folklore throughout the world.
Typically, the trickster is an animal or human hero who disobeys and makes fun of the accepted order of things by doing the opposite of the expected behavior.
The Azande character of Ture is also closely related to an important element of traditional Azande folklore known as sanza, or double-speak.
Sanza includes ambiguous remarks or actions intended to have double meanings. Azande use sanza in conversations between princes and commoners, husbands and wives, at beer parties, and in the language of love. Where the Western notion of divinity appears in Azande culture, it is most likely the result of contact with outsiders and the result of Islamic and Christian influences.
During the period of British colonial rule in this part of Africa, policy dictated that formal education was to be provided by practitioners of various Christian faiths.
Thus, becoming Christian was often a consequence of becoming literate able to read and write. By the s, some Azande practiced Islam or Christianity, but beliefs about causation, death, and misfortune still revolve around mangu.
They gather for important occasions, including weddings and funerals.
Later, a ritual circumcision, held in the forest, became common, although this practice has also been discontinued.
Girls are initiated into their gender role by observing and assisting their mothers. Today, the bride-wealth is usually paid in cash or in the form of material goods such as cloth, cassava, or goats. Thus, one was born a commoner or a member of the royalty, or was incorporated into this order through warfare or slavery.
One of the central aspects of life among the Azande is their belief in witchcraft. It is used to explain and cope with all kinds of difficulties.Fun Facts about the name Azande.
How unique is the name Azande? Out of 5,, records in the U.S. Social Security Administration public data, the first name Azande was not present.
It is possible the name you are searching has less than five occurrences per year. Zande. SYNONYMS: Much of the literature uses “Azande” Some early writers refer to the “Niam-Niam,” but this term is now regarded as monstermanfilm.com westernmost groups call themselves “Nzakara” and are so termed in the literature Orientation Identification and .
The Azande practice shifting cultivation (that is, no crop rotation, and incorpo- rating a fallowing period), relying mostly on maize and millet, gourds and pump- kins, manioc and bananas, groundnuts, and beans.
Zande, also called Azande, also spelled Asande, a people of Central Africa who speak a language of the Adamawa-Ubangi branch of the Niger-Congo language family.
Extending across the Nile-Congo drainage divide, they live partly in South Sudan, partly in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and partly in the Central African Republic.
The Azande society is divided into the royal clans – the Avungara, centred on their great leader Gbudwe, his two sons Yambio and Tambura; and the commoners, most of who could have been incorporated into the Azande through wars, conquest and assimilation.
Zande. SYNONYMS: Much of the literature uses “Azande” Some early writers refer to the “Niam-Niam,” but this term is now regarded as monstermanfilm.com westernmost groups call themselves “Nzakara” and are so termed in the literature Orientation Identification and Location.